Consequences of invalidating environments
Naloxone, a drug that reverses the effects of opiods (including endorphins, the body's natural painkillers), was given to self-mutilators in one study but did not prove effective (see Richardson and Zaleski, 1986).
These findings are intriguing in light of Haines et al.
Second, it attributes her experiences to socially unacceptable characteristics or personality traits.
Today I love being on the bay in the morning and experiencing all the weather in half an hour, sunshine, clouds, wind, waves, and even a bit of rain.