How to prove carbon dating wrong
The C-12 is a very stable element and will not change form after being absorbed; however, C-14 is highly unstable and in fact will immediately begin changing after absorption.
Specifically, each nucleus will lose an electron, a process which is referred to as decay.
Without understanding the mechanics of it, we put our blind faith in the words of scientists, who assure us that carbon dating is a reliable method of determining the ages of almost everything around us.
However, a little more knowledge about the exact ins and outs of carbon dating reveals that perhaps it is not quite as fool-proof a process as we may have been led to believe.
It is imperative to remember that the material must have been alive at one point to absorb the carbon, meaning that carbon dating of rocks or other inorganic objects is nothing more than inaccurate guesswork.
All living things absorb both types of carbon; but once it dies, it will stop absorbing.
However, in the 1960s, the growth rate was found to be significantly higher than the decay rate; almost a third in fact.
These variations, or offsets, of up to 20 years in the calibration of precise radiocarbon dating could be related to climatic conditions.
These standard calibration curves assume that at any given time radiocarbon levels are similar and stable everywhere across each hemisphere. "We went looking to test the assumption behind the whole field of radiocarbon dating," Manning said.